By Keith G. Walker
This publication provides for the 1st time a background of Eretria throughout the Archaic period, the city's such a lot striking interval of political value and Keith Walker examines the entire significant components of the city's success.
One of the foremost components explored is Eretria's function as a pioneer coloniser in either the Levant and the West - its early Aegaen 'island empire' anticipates that of Athens via greater than a century, and Eretrian delivery and alternate used to be equally widespread.
Eretria's significant, certainly dominant, position within the occasions of significant Greece within the final 1/2 the 6th century, and within the occasions of the Ionian rebellion to 490 is obviously validated, and the tyranny of Diagoras (c.538-509), might be the golden age of town, is totally examined.
Full documentation of literary, epigraphic and archaeological resources (most of which has formerly been inaccessible to an English speaking-audience) is equipped, making a interesting historical past and precious source for the Greek historian.
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Additional info for Archaic Eretria: A Political and Social History from the Earliest Times to 490 BC
See additionally Gehrke 1992, 98–117. For Prasiai at the Euboian Gulf coast of Attica because the central port for the export of grain within the first 1/2 the 6th century: A. French, ‘The occasion of Peisistratos’, G&R 6 1959, 46–57. See less than, Ch. 6, pp. 185–7. 24 at the Petaliai Islands: see under, Chs four, pp. 122–3 and nn. 237–9; and six, p. 225–6. 25 Geyer 1903, 25–6: his dialogue encompasses a record of old writers who point out them. Cf. C. M. Bowra, ‘Signs of hurricane: Archilochus fr. 56’, CR fifty four, 1940, 127–9; F. Sandbach, as soon as more’, CR fifty six, 1942, 63–5. Str. 10, 1, five C446; the Epitomator of Strabo looks to right his personal writer from Ptol. Geog. three, 15, 25; they're the one ancients to put the ‘Hollows’ at the Aegean coast; all others placed them at the gulf part of the island. See W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, London, 1856, I, 641–2 s. v. Coela. 26 For an invaluable map: S. Bakhuizen, ‘The citadels of Chalcis on Euboea’, AAA five, I, 1972, 134– forty six, Figs 1 and a pair of. Idem, Chalcis-in-Euboea: Iron and Chalcidians in another country, Leiden, 1976 (with a contribution by way of R. Kreulin, geologist), 5–6. 27 N. Kondoleon, AE 1963 , 1–45: a singular, yet heavily wrong, essay. Archaic eretria 24 28 the connection of the geology, geography, and so on. of the location of Eretria to the later improvement of town is handled through E. Kambouroglou, 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Athens, 1989, and C. Krause, ‘Structure et developpement urbanistique d’Érétrie archaïque’, Gli Eubei in Occidente. Atti del diciottesimo Convegno di Studi sulla Magna Grecia, Taranto, 8–12 ottobre, 1978, Taranto, 1979, 37–52 and idem. ‘Zur Städtebaulichen Entwicklung Eretrias’, AK 25, 1982b, 137–44. Kambouroglou’s examine covers the realm approximately from Malakonda, west of Eretria to east of Magoula, and inland to incorporate Mt Olympos. This idea is commonly notwithstanding now not universally approved: see Chs 2, pp. 46–7; three, pp. 84–7; four, pp. 91–6 and p. 113. For the date: M. Popham, L. Sackett and P. Themelis, Lefkandi I: the Iron Age, London, 1980: their advent n. four, and part 14, Pt IVb, 367. For a whole description of this significant web site: ibid, part 1, Pt I, 1–3; pll. 2–4 and of the harbour: Tritle 1992, 17, 139. Konon FGrH 26F1, forty four. The identity of this marsh with the deme Ptekhai has been challenged by means of Gehrke, 1988, 30–2 and 1992, 107 n. fifty two, who identifies it with the lake at Dystos and by means of Knoepfler, 1997, 380–2, who could have it at the plateau of Velousia-Lepoura. anyplace it particularly was once, we're lucky to have preserved a decree (IG XII nine, 191) of the Eretrian Demos dated to the interval 322–309 ratifying an contract with the entrepreneur Khairephanes to empty it and switch it into efficient farming land. See M. Holleaux, ‘Note sur un décret d’Érétrie’, REG 10, 1897, 189 n. 1. D. L. 2, 133 and Ath. Deipn. 2, 46c–d, who seems to be self-contradictory, yet charges Euenor at the terrible caliber of Eretrian water. Pickard 1890–7, 375. Str. 10, 1, four C445–6. Cf. Thphr. HP nine, 20, five. Plin. HN sixteen, 197. This contradicts Thphr. five, 1, 5–8. Thphr. HP four, five, 2; nine, 15, four; nine, 15, eight; Plin.